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About AEC INSPECTION

AEC offers inspection, auditing, testing, and quality consultancy for a wide range of consumer products, from textile, construction material, furniture, auto accessories, toys, and hard goods, metal works, glass, aluminum, pergolas, etc.
the AEC organization is dedicated to helping our customers meet the Quality, Safety, and Ethical Standards of their locations in the world to support their successes in the global marketplace.
A worthwhile firm must have a purpose, not only earning a deserved profit but contributing to its community.
Here at AEC INSPECTION, we hope that through our inspection services, through every defect we find and correct, by our day-to-day reliability,

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Technical Terms About Shoes

Technical Terms About Shoes

Technical Information and Terms About Shoes
Technical Terms About Shoes


Shoe Sole Types and Materials
The sole of the shoe is one of the most important parts. Because it has to be both durable and flexible. Does not deteriorate against temperature differences; The biggest advantage is that it is resistant to wear.


LEATHER:
It is obtained from a combination of calf leather and various chemicals. Its disadvantages are that it is affected by water and humidity, and its ability to adhere to the ground is limited.


NEOLITH
It consists of a combination of compressed plastic, rubber and various chemicals. It is unbreakable. Also known as artificial leather.


Thermo RUBBER:
It is formed with a therm rubber mixture. It is the sole with the highest density and the most resistant to heat.


POLY-URETHANE:
It consists of polyurethane material. Its strength is high.


PVC:
It is a base made of polyvinyl chloride. Various finishing processes can be given different colours and gloss.


Thermo POLYURETHANE:
It consists of a combination of polyurethane and therm rubber with a special injection system. It is lightweight and non-slip.


LATEX:
It is produced with natural rubber and latex. It is the sole with the highest comfort feature. It should be preferred especially in daily sports and walking shoes.
EVA:
It is produced from the lowest density polyurethane material. Its light weight is its biggest advantage.


HEEL:
The heel can be manufactured completely on the sole, or it is a part that is attached to the sole with screws and/or nails during the production of shoes. It comes in various types and heights depending on the style of the shoe. Heel height is expressed with PONT. A point is approximately 7 mm.


SOLE LINER:
Located between the sole and the outcrop, it ensures that the sole adapts to the shape of the foot and maintains its form. It is the most important part that provides orthopaedics, which contains a special blended plastic and steel support that provides flexibility.
Some Technical Terms from Upper Production


Screw:
It is obtained from the tanning (processing) of cattle, calf and horse skins with chromium salts. It is used in a large part of especially winter shoes, military boots, fancy slippers and zenne.
Oily Leather;
The skin is matte, with thick screws. It has very little water permeability compared to a screw. It is used in winter shoes and boots models.
Glace:
It is obtained by tanning goat skins with chromium salts in various methods. It is used in the uppers of high-quality zenne, roller shoes (without laces), zenne boots and slippers.
Patent leather:
It is obtained from the skins of cattle and sheep. They are very shiny-looking soft leathers that are finished with oily or synthetic lacquers.
Suede:
It is obtained by tanning young cattle, calf, Malak, goat, kid, sheep or lamb skins with chrome salt.
Split Suede:
It is the skin that is taken from the net layer towards the flesh side by a slit from the skin.
Nubuck:
The skin is sanded leather. Nubuck is shorter-haired and tougher than suede.
Lame and Dore:
Lame, metallic silver, gold, metallic yellow dyed leather. Both types of leather are mainly used in fancy zenne shoes.
Nappa:
It is processed more alive and full. Its pores are not as obvious as Glass leather.

Zik:
Generally, sheepskin is used. It is very thin and flexible, it is also used as clothing.
Frantic (Opening):
The glass part of the leather is sanded and covered with paint. It has a very glossy finish.


Vegetal:
They are completely natural or dyed leathers treated with vegetable tannins. It is used in making accessories. Colour darkens during use

Printed:
After the upper membrane is removed, the upper level of the skin is prepared on metal plates and the skin is pressed at high pressure and temperature.
Mushrooms:
It is used in soles, heels and sandals. Cork powder, rubber mixture, very light and thermal.
Shoe Inner Surface “Lining”
It has duties such as being a protective buffer layer between the foot and the upper, ensuring that the shoe maintains its shape, absorbing the moisture of the foot, and shaping the inner appearance of the shoe. The lining of the shoe is used in the mirror (front), side (gamba) and the floor (outcrop) of the foot.
They are thin, soft, elastic and smooth surface leathers, dyed in natural colour, obtained from the tanning of raw sheep skins by various methods.
Lined leathers obtained from goat skins are called lined Glase, those obtained from sheep are called Leather, and those made of calf leather are called calf lining.
Artificial Materials Used in Shoes
The artificial material used as the face and lining on the upper of the shoes is produced from two types of materials like PVC and PU coating.
The place of use is determined according to the type of artificial material and the floor on which it is covered. Floor types; It is divided into two main groups as woven and Non-Woven. The coating is done on this floor by methods such as coagulation, plastering and spraying.
Textile Materials Used in Shoes
They are woven materials, which are textile products used on the upper and lining of shoes.
These materials, which are produced as fabric, are used according to the style of the shoe and in fashion. Fabrics are reinforced with reinforcement material to achieve the required strength. Sometimes fabrics and other leather

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